What The Heck is the Difference Between MPhil and PhD?

Education plays a vital role and it is one of the tools that can uplift individuals from their poverty stage. If you can get a quality education, it is something that will remain with you till you die but is crucial to know the difference between MPhil and Ph.D. As a result, millions of people are trying their best to acquire education to become better in society and help their communities.

The truth is education doesn’t end merely with obtaining a degree because we have other forms of education such as a Master’s degree program and doctorate being the highest. When it comes to getting a doctorate, it is only a few people interested in it because not everyone enjoys studying.

What do you understand by MPhil?

It represents a Master of Philosophy and is an advanced graduate degree in Philosophy. The course is a combination of both researched and taught subjects that ends with a thesis project. In many cases, you need MPhil as a compulsory degree to get entrance to a Ph.D. program. It is an optional degree for anyone with a bachelor’s degree.

In many Universities, MPhil offers a two-year course for anyone wanting to study MPhil, but in some countries, it could be three years. On the other hand, you can term it a second Master’s degree that ranges between a Doctor of Philosophy and a taught Master’s degree. It is a pre-requisite degree for students to enroll for a Ph.D.

Read also: Postgraduate Vs Graduate: What Difference Does it Make?

Are there Benefits of Pursuing an M.Phil?

  • Research Oriented:

MPhil graduates have the opportunity of engaging in research work for two years which helps them become versed in their fields. Also, you can have a high level of exposure and make hiring managers see you as a potential staff for their organization.

  • Good Job Qualification:

When you are an MPhil graduate, you will find job opportunities in diverse organizations. For instance, M.Phil freshers have the privilege to learn various courses in different concentrations like legal firms, academic institutions, research organizations, etc.

Some MPhil Courses:

  • MPhil in Life Sciences
  • MPhil in Computer Science
  • MPhil in History
  • MPhil in Political Science
  • MPhil in Applied and Regional Economics
  • MPhil in English
  • MPhil in Biology, etc.

What do you understand about Ph.D.?

Ph.D. is the highest educational degree awarded to students by any university after their thesis on a particular topic. It prepares you to become an expert in that field. For instance, if you study Chemical Engineering at a doctorate level, it implies you are an expert in this field because you have carried out numerous research.

If you have an interest in a Ph.D., you will need to pass specific exams like GATE, NET, or any other exam that will make you eligible for acquiring Ph.D. After you have passed the examination, you can gain admission to study for your doctorate. The program takes up to three years because the first year is for course work, while the other two years are for writing a thesis.

Are there any Benefits of Pursuing a Ph.D.?

  • Advanced Knowledge:

The main aim of doing a Ph.D. is to get advanced knowledge while performing different research. The information you have gathered during the research is used for writing your thesis. Also, you can use them in making different decisions in your life regularly.

  • Job Development:

When you are a Ph.D. holder or graduate, you stand a better chance of acquiring a job compared to someone with a Master’s degree in your field. In many firms, they place more value on Ph.D. graduates, and it is the more reason to obtain it.

Some Ph.D. Courses:

  • D. in Engineering and Technology
  • D. in Arts
  • D. in Chemical Engineering
  • D. in Clinical Research
  • D. Zoology
  • D. in Mathematics
  • D. in Public Policy

Read also: Undergraduate VS Postgraduate: What Difference Does it Make?

What are the Differences Between M.Phil, and Ph.D.?  


MPhil is a second Master’s degree program offering significant opportunities for students to gain advanced knowledge from carrying out advanced research work.

On the other hand, a Doctor of Philosophy Ph.D. happens to be a professional degree program that offers students expertise in a particular field and teaches them based on their research work.


The normal duration for MPhil is two years. One year is for the student to face their course work, and the other year is for the submission of the dissertation. In Ph.D., the course duration is three years, but it can be prolonged to five years depending on the submission of the proposal and thesis approval.


MPhil students may not obtain any stipend, while doctorate students can acquire an allowance (stipend) to carry out their research project.

Area of Concentration:

The MPhil students focus on research work carried out by other scholars in their fields. But the doctorate students need to submit original research work they have done in their field.

Program Structure:

For MPhil program, it comprises two important goals. The first is one-year course work and the other is dissertation submission carried out under the supervision of professors. The professor will examine this dissertation and see if there is any need for corrections before final submission. For Ph.D., the first year is for one year of course work, while the other two years are for thesis work supervised by an experienced supervisor.

Colleges For M.Phil:

  • University of Calcutta, Kolkata
  • IGNOU, Delhi
  • Delhi University, Delhi
  • Stella Maris College, Chennai
  • Xavier’s College, Mumbai
  • Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi
  • JNU, Delhi

Colleges For Ph.D.:

  • Amity University, Noida
  • BITS PilaniAligarh
  • Muslim University, Aligarh
  • Delhi University, Delhi
  • MIT Manipal

Other Interesting Contents


After the entire comparison, we have seen that MPhil is not advanced as Ph.D. In the former, students read different models regarding research papers while searching for the latest advanced research on their field of study. However, in Ph.D. the research work is for fresh and original research work under the guidance of supervisors.

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