MPhil Vs MSc – Benefits & Difference Explained, Which is better?

There is a lot of debate surrounding the differences between an MPhil and an MSc. Both are advanced research degrees, but there are some key ways in which they differ. In this blog post, we’ll explore the main differences between an MPhil and MSc, and help you decide which one is right for you.

What is an MPhil?

An MPhil is an advanced research degree that is similar to a Ph.D. The main difference between an MPhil and a Ph.D. is that an MPhil is typically shorter, taking two years to complete as opposed to three or more for a Ph.D. An MPhil also has less of a focus on original research and is more concerned with demonstrating that you have a deep understanding of your chosen subject. If you’re considering an MPhil, it’s important to make sure that your chosen university offers the course you’re interested in, as not all do.

Read also: MSC Full Form in Education: Meaning, Criteria & Other Forms

Benefits of Studying MPhil

There are many benefits to studying for an MPhil. Firstly, it is a highly respected qualification which can help you to progress in your career. Secondly, it can provide you with the opportunity to specialize in a particular area of interest, and to gain in-depth knowledge and understanding of that subject. Finally, an MPhil can also be a stepping stone toward a Ph.D., if you decide that you want to pursue further academic research.

Criteria for Studying MPhil

To be eligible for an MPhil, you’ll need to have completed a Bachelor’s degree with first or upper-second-class honors. You’ll also need to have completed a Master’s degree, although this isn’t always necessary.

Once you’ve met these requirements, you’ll need to submit a research proposal to your chosen university. This proposal will outline your research topic and methodology and will be used to assess your suitability for the MPhil program. If your proposal is accepted, you’ll be able to start your MPhil studies.

Career Prospects for MPhil

The career prospects for an MPhil vary depending on the field of study. For example, someone with an MPhil in physics may go on to work as a research scientist, while someone with an MPhil in English literature may become a college professor. In general, though, an MPhil provides excellent preparation for a wide range of careers. Many MPhil graduates go on to successful careers in academia, government, business, and non-profit organizations.

Read also: What The Heck is the Difference Between MPhil and Ph.D.?

What is MSc?

An MSc is a Master of Science degree. It is typically a research-based degree, involving a thesis or dissertation. An MSc can be taken in a variety of subject areas, including the sciences, engineering, and business. The length of an MSc program varies depending on the country but is typically 1-2 years.

An MPhil is a Master of Philosophy degree, which is typically awarded after completing a research-based program of study. An MPhil can be awarded in any field, although it is more common in the humanities and social sciences. The program of study for an MPhil is typically two years, although some programs may be shorter or longer.

Benefits of Studying MSc

There are many benefits to studying for an MSc, including the opportunity to develop your research skills, deepen your knowledge in a specific subject area, and gain a higher qualification. An MSc can also lead to further study at the Ph.D. level, or provide a route into a career in academia or research. If you’re considering studying for an MSc, read on to find out more about the benefits of this advanced research degree.

Read also: BSc Physics Syllabus & Subjects for Every Semester

Criteria for Studying MSc

For an MSc, you’ll need to have a good undergraduate degree in a relevant subject. You’ll also need to show that you can conduct independent research, and produce a dissertation of around 15,000 words. If you’re planning to study part-time, it’s worth noting that an MSc will usually take two years to complete, whereas an MPhil will take three years.

Career Prospects for MSc   

There are many factors to consider when thinking about the career prospects for MSc holders. The most important factor is the subject area of your Master’s. For example, an MSc in physics will open up very different career opportunities than an MSc in psychology. Other important factors include your level of experience, geographical location, and the type of employer you are looking to work for.

Read also: How to Write an Application Letter to Request a Scholarship

What are the Universities to Offer MPhil and MSc

Here’s a list of universities that offer both an MPhil and MSc, so you can make the best decision for your future.

  • University of Cambridge
  • University of Oxford
  • London School of Economics and Political Science
  • University College London
  • Durham University
  • The University of Edinburgh
  • King’s College London

What are the Key Differences Between MPhil and MSc

It is more focused on a specific area of research which makes it more suitable if you have a clear idea of what you want to research.It is broader especially when you are still exploring your options.
It takes two years to completeIt takes up to four years to complete.
An MPhil is cheaper than MScMSc is expensive because it requires a longer time to finish.
MPhil is usually required for entry into the Ph.D. programMSc is not required for Ph.D.
MPhil requires lesser courseworkMSc requires higher coursework


Frequently Asked Questions

  1. What is the difference between an MPhil and MSc?
  2. The main difference between an MPhil and MSc is that an MPhil is a research degree, while an MSc is a taught degree. This means that an MPhil requires you to conduct your research, while an MSc involves the study of existing research. An MPhil also tends to be more focused on a specific topic than an MSc.
  3. Which degree is right for me?
  4. The decision of whether to study for an MPhil or MSc depends on your career goals and personal preferences. If you want to pursue a career in academia or research, then an MPhil might be the better option. However, if you’re looking for a taught course with more structure, then an MSc could be better suited to you.
  5. How long does it take to complete each degree?
  6. An MPhil usually takes two years to complete, while an MSc can be completed in one or two years depending on the institution and course structure.

Other Interesting Contents


If you’re considering pursuing an advanced research degree, it’s important to understand the key differences between an MPhil and MSc. Both degrees offer unique benefits, so it’s important to choose the one that best aligns with your goals and interests.

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